A migraine is a type of headache that may begin as a dull ache and then turn into a constant, throbbing pain felt on one side of the head.

Migraines affect individuals differently, with varying degrees of pain and other symptoms.    Specific types of migraines are diagnosed by their symptoms.    Although symptoms may vary, most migraines affect only one side of the brain therefore pain is experienced most often on one side of the head.

Other symptoms may include:

Migraine is three times more common in women than in men and affects more than 10 percent of people worldwide.

Migraine headaches often begin in childhood, adolescence or early adulthood and may progress through four stages — prodrome, aura, attack and postdrome.

There are 4 distinct phases to a migraine: Prodromal (aka Premonitory), Aura, Pain and Postdrome.

It is during the first two phases (prodromal and aura) that you get hints that a migraine is coming, and recognizing these hints (symptoms) may give you the edge you need to fight back and either prevent the migraine entirely or decrease the severity and or duration of the pain phase (which is obviously the most debilitating and problematic).

The Prodrome Stage – About 65% of migraine sufferers experience the prodrome phase. In the prodrome stage, sufferers experience emotional or physical symptoms two hours to two days before the pain phase starts.

 

These symptoms can occur in migraineurs with and without aura.

They are:

Physicians who specialize in migraine treatment find that only 30% of sufferers recognize that they have one or more of the “prodrome” symptoms until they are actually told what symptoms to look for. Once informed then up to 80% of sufferers report having one or more of them.

The Aura Stage – Less than half of migraine sufferers experience the aura stage. During this stage, about one-third of patients see flashing lights, wavy lines and blank spots in their field of vision (called scotoma) for a few minutes to a few hours before the pain stage begins. Some also have temporary trouble speaking or feel tingling or numbness on one side of the face or feet. (called parathesias). Others may develop a hypersensitivity to touch.

The Pain Stage – The onset of the pain stage can start within minutes or sometimes hours of the commencement of the aura stage. In addition to pain, nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light (photophobia) sound (phonophobia) and movement may also be experienced.

The Postdrome Stage – During this stage of migraine, even though the pain is gone, some sufferers can feel exhausted, depressed and/or, residual neck pain.

 What is Chronic Migraine?

Chronic Migraine is a condition defined as 15 or more headache days a month with each headache lasting 4 hours or more. If you experience Chronic Migraine, at least half of your headaches are migraines.

TYPES OF MIGRAINES:

Migraines without aura

Not all migraines are the same. But many  people experience:

Migraines with Aura:

1 in 5 people who get migraines have auras. An aura is a feeling or series of sensations that come about 10 to 30 minutes before a migraine attack.

Common symptoms of aura include:

The aura may be followed by some or all of the symptoms of a migraine without aura.

 

BASILAR MGRAINES – COMPLICATED MIGRAINE

Basilar migraine is a rare type of complicated migraine with symptoms caused by disorders of the lower part of the brain.  In severe cases it can lead to stroke, coma or even death. It’s also called Basilar-Type Migraine or Basilar Artery Migraine

Who is at risk?

Early research suggested that basilar migraine was most often in young women. Recent statistical analysis has shown that the basilar migraine affects all age groups and both male and female. However, basilar migraine, like other forms of migraine is more common in women. That is about three times as many female as male patients.

Symptoms

The symptoms of Basilar Type Migraine is usually occur suddenly and are associated with the inability to speak properly, ringing in the ears, he and vomiting. This called the aura phase, where victims can experience cognitive problems. This phase usually lasts one hour and can be frightening because of dizziness and loss of control.
Other symptoms:

      • •Double Vision•Balance disorder•Vomiting•Diarrhea•Unconsciousness•Intense headache•Slurred speech•Temporary loss of vision

 

    • HEMIPLEGIC MIGRAINE

      Hemiplegic migraine is a rare type of headache. It’s also one of the most serious and potentially debilitating migraine headaches.

      What Is a Hemiplegic Migraine Headache?

      . Hemiplegic migraine is a severe subtype of the group/type migraine with aura.

      Migraine is a complex neurological disorder. It generally includes headaches, but not always. Before the actual headache pain of a migraine, you can have a host of other symptoms that serve as warning signs that a migraine is coming. These early symptoms, called auras, include temporary disturbances in one or more functions:

      • Vision
      • Muscle control and body sensations
      • Speech and language
      • Hearing

      For most migraine sufferers who have aura, the visual disturbances are the most common symptom. But for people with hemiplegic migraine, muscle weakness and paralysis can be so pronounced and extreme that they cause a temporary, stroke-like paralysis on one side of the body. This paralysis on one side of the body is called hemiplegia.

      What Are the Symptoms of Hemiplegic Migraine Headaches?

      Hemiplegic migraine symptoms often start in childhood. Then for some people, they disappear in adulthood. The stroke-like symptoms can range from worrisome to debilitating. Migraines are unpredictable and unique to each person. You may have a hemiplegic migraine headache with extreme pain and minor paralysis one month. Then, the next attack might bring extreme paralysis without much headache pain at all.

      Symptoms of hemiplegic migraine include:

      • Severe, throbbing pain, often on one side of your head
      • A pins-and-needles feeling, often moving from your hand up your arm
      • Numbness on one side of your body, which can include your arm, leg, and/or one side of your face
      • Weakness or paralysis on one side of your body
      • Loss of balance and coordination
      • Visual aura, such as seeing zigzag lines, double vision, or blind spots
      • Language difficulties, such as mixing words or trouble remembering a word
      • Slurred speech
      • Dizziness or vertigo
      • Nausea and vomiting
      • Extreme sensitivity to light, sound, and smell
      • Confusion
      • Decreased consciousness or coma

      With hemiplegic migraine, the aura can be more severe and last longer than with other types of migraine with aura. Symptoms usually last from five minutes to one hour. It’s rare, but some people gradually develop long-lasting difficulty with movement and coordination.